Section: Religion and Normative Ideology
Subsection: Human Sacrifice

Human Sacrifice

The deliberate and ritualized killing of a person to please or placate supernatural entities (including gods, spirits, and ancestors) or gain other supernatural benefits.  
Contributors: Jenny, Majid, Peter

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).
DRB? : Not yet Reviewed by Seshat Data Review Board.
: Data Review Board has reviewed and accepted this value..

Variable Definition choices
human_sacrifice The absence or presence of Human Sacrifce. - Unknown
- Present
- Transitional (Present -> Absent)
- Absent
- Transitional (Absent -> Present)

Actual Data:
# Polity   Home NGA     Year(s)     Human Sacrifice Confidence   Disputed   Expert   DRB   Edit
1
Hawaii I
Big Island Hawaii 1000 CE 1199 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
2
Hawaii II
Big Island Hawaii 1200 CE 1349 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
3
Hawaii II
Big Island Hawaii 1350 CE 1649 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
4
Hawaii III
Big Island Hawaii 1650 CE 1777 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
5
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
Big Island Hawaii 1778 CE 1803 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
6
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
Big Island Hawaii 1804 CE 1819 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
7
Cahokia - Early Woodland
Cahokia 600 BCE 151 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
8
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
Cahokia 150 BCE 299 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
9
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
Cahokia 300 CE 449 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
10
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
Cahokia 450 CE 599 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
11
Cahokia - Late Woodland III
Cahokia 600 CE 749 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
12
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
Cahokia 750 CE 899 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
13
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II
Cahokia 900 CE 1049 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
14
Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling
Cahokia 1050 CE 1199 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
15
Cahokia - Moorehead
Cahokia 1200 CE 1274 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
16
Cahokia - Sand Prairie
Cahokia 1275 CE 1399 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
17
Oneota
Cahokia 1400 CE 1639 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
18
Early Illinois Confederation
Cahokia 1640 CE 1832 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
19
Funan I
Cambodian Basin 225 CE 539 CE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
20
Funan II
Cambodian Basin 540 CE 639 CE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
21
Chenla
Cambodian Basin 550 CE 825 CE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
22
Chenla
Cambodian Basin 550 CE 825 CE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
23
Early Angkor
Cambodian Basin 802 CE 1100 CE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
24
Early Angkor
Cambodian Basin 802 CE 1100 CE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
25
Classical Angkor
Cambodian Basin 1080 CE 1219 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
26
Late Angkor
Cambodian Basin 1220 CE 1431 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
27
Khmer Kingdom
Cambodian Basin 1432 CE 1593 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
28
Ayutthaya
Cambodian Basin 1594 CE 1767 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
29
Rattanakosin
Cambodian Basin 1782 CE 1873 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
30
Java - Buni Culture
Central Java 400 BCE 499 CE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
31
Kalinga Kingdom
Central Java 500 CE 731 CE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
32
Medang Kingdom
Central Java 732 CE 1019 CE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
33
Medang Kingdom
Central Java 732 CE 1019 CE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
34
Kediri Kingdom
Central Java 1049 CE 1222 CE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
35
Kediri Kingdom
Central Java 1049 CE 1222 CE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
36
Majapahit Kingdom
Central Java 1292 CE 1518 CE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
37
Majapahit Kingdom
Central Java 1292 CE 1518 CE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
38
Mataram Sultanate
Central Java 1568 CE 1703 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
39
Chuuk - Early Truk
Chuuk Islands 1775 CE 1885 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
40
Chuuk - Late Truk
Chuuk Islands 1886 CE 1948 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
41
Neolithic Crete
Crete 7000 BCE 3001 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
42
Prepalatial Crete
Crete 3000 BCE 1901 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
43
The Old Palace Crete
Crete 1900 BCE 1701 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
44
The Old Palace Crete
Crete 1900 BCE 1701 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
45
New Palace Crete
Crete 1700 BCE 1451 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
46
New Palace Crete
Crete 1700 BCE 1451 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
47
Monopalatial Crete
Crete 1450 BCE 1301 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
48
Monopalatial Crete
Crete 1450 BCE 1301 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
49
Postpalatial Crete
Crete 1300 BCE 1201 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
50
Final Postpalatial Crete
Crete 1200 BCE 1001 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
51
Geometric Crete
Crete 1000 BCE 711 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
52
Geometric Crete
Crete 1000 BCE 711 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
53
Archaic Crete
Crete 710 BCE 501 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
54
Archaic Crete
Crete 710 BCE 501 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
55
Classical Crete
Crete 500 BCE 322 BCE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
56
Hellenistic Crete
Crete 323 BCE 69 BCE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
57
The Emirate of Crete
Crete 824 CE 960 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
58
Byzantine Empire III
Crete 1073 CE 1203 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
59
Wari Empire
Cuzco 650 CE 999 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
60
Inca Empire
Cuzco 1400 CE 1531 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
61
Spanish Empire I
Cuzco 1521 CE 1700 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
62
Spanish Empire I
Cuzco 1532 CE 1700 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
63
Deccan - Neolithic
Deccan 2700 BCE 1201 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
64
Deccan - Iron Age
Deccan 1200 BCE 300 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
65
Post-Mauryan Kingdoms
Deccan 205 BCE 101 BCE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
66
Satavahana Empire
Deccan 100 BCE 203 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
67
Vakataka Kingdom
Deccan 286 CE 335 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
68
Kadamba Empire
Deccan 451 CE 540 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
69
Chalukyas of Badami
Deccan 541 CE 756 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
70
Rashtrakuta Empire
Deccan 757 CE 973 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
71
Chalukyas of Kalyani
Deccan 974 CE 1055 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
72
Hoysala Kingdom
Deccan 1192 CE 1253 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
73
Kampili Kingdom
Deccan 1280 CE 1310 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
74
Vijayanagara Empire
Deccan 1337 CE 1646 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
75
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
Finger Lakes 1566 CE 1713 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
76
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
Finger Lakes 1714 CE 1848 CE
Transitional (Present -> Absent)
Inferred No Edit
77
Canaan
Galilee 2000 BCE 1181 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
78
Phoenician Empire
Galilee 1180 BCE 1031 BCE
Present
Inferred No Edit
79
Yisrael
Galilee 1030 BCE 722 BCE
Present
Inferred No Edit
80
Yehuda
Galilee 103 BCE 62 BCE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
81
Early Garo
Garo Hills 1775 CE 1867 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
82
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
Ghanaian Coast 1501 CE 1701 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
83
Ashanti Empire
Ghanaian Coast 1702 CE 1895 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
84
Icelandic Commonwealth
Iceland 930 CE 1000 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
85
Icelandic Commonwealth
Iceland 1001 CE 1262 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
86
Kingdom of Norway
Iceland 1263 CE 1380 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
87
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
Kachi Plain 5500 BCE 4001 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
88
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
Kachi Plain 4000 BCE 3201 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
89
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
Kachi Plain 3200 BCE 2501 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
90
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
Kachi Plain 2500 BCE 2101 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
91
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
Kachi Plain 2100 BCE 1801 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
92
Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period
Kachi Plain 1800 BCE 1301 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
93
Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period
Kachi Plain 1300 BCE 551 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
94
Indo-Graeco-Phrygian Kingdom
Kachi Plain 145 BCE 96 BCE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
95
Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period
Kachi Plain 862 CE 1192 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
96
Ghur Principality
Kachi Plain 1193 CE 1206 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
97
Delhi Sultanate
Kachi Plain 1207 CE 1339 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
98
Sind - Samma Dynasty
Kachi Plain 1340 CE 1519 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
99
Mughal Empire
Kachi Plain 1526 CE 1740 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
100
Mughal Empire
Kachi Plain 1687 CE 1720 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
101
Durrani Empire
Kachi Plain 1748 CE 1826 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
102
Kansai - Yayoi Period
Kansai 300 BCE 249 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
103
Kansai - Kofun Period
Kansai 250 CE 537 CE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
104
Kansai - Kofun Period
Kansai 250 CE 537 CE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
105
Asuka Kingdom
Kansai 538 CE 710 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
106
Heian
Kansai 794 CE 1184 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
107
Kamakura Shogunate
Kansai 1185 CE 1333 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
108
Ashikaga Shogunate
Kansai 1336 CE 1466 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
109
Warring States Japan
Kansai 1467 CE 1567 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
110
Japan - Azuchi–Momoyama
Kansai 1568 CE 1602 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
111
Tokugawa Shogunate
Kansai 1603 CE 1868 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
112
Iban - Pre-Brooke
Kapuasi Basin 1650 CE 1841 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
113
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
Konya Plain 9600 BCE 7101 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
114
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
Konya Plain 7100 BCE 7001 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
115
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
Konya Plain 7000 BCE 6601 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
116
Konya Plain - Late Neolithic
Konya Plain 6600 BCE 6001 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
117
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
Konya Plain 6000 BCE 5501 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
118
Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic
Konya Plain 5000 BCE 3001 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
119
Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age
Konya Plain 3000 BCE 2901 BCE
Present
Inferred No Edit
120
Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age
Konya Plain 2900 BCE 2001 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
121
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
Konya Plain 2000 BCE 1701 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
122
Hatti - Old Kingdom
Konya Plain 1650 BCE 1501 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
123
Hatti - Old Kingdom
Konya Plain 1650 BCE 1501 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
124
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
Konya Plain 1500 BCE 1400 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
125
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
Konya Plain 1500 BCE 1400 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
126
Hatti - New Kingdom
Konya Plain 1344 BCE 1181 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
127
Hatti - New Kingdom
Konya Plain 1344 BCE 1181 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
128
Neo-Hittite Kingdom
Konya Plain 1180 BCE 901 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
129
Neo-Hittite Kingdom
Konya Plain 1180 BCE 901 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
130
Phrygian Kingdom
Konya Plain 900 BCE 696 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
131
Lydian Kingdom
Konya Plain 670 BCE 547 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
132
Lysimachus Kingdom
Konya Plain 300 BCE 282 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
133
Late Cappadocia
Konya Plain 129 BCE 95 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
134
Roman Empire - Dominate
Konya Plain 285 CE 394 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
135
East Roman Empire
Konya Plain 395 CE 607 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
136
East Roman Empire
Konya Plain 395 CE 632 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
137
East Roman Empire
Konya Plain 458 CE 607 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
138
Byzantine Empire I
Konya Plain 632 CE 823 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
139
Byzantine Empire I
Konya Plain 632 CE 866 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
140
Bzyantine Empire II
Konya Plain 867 CE 1072 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
141
Bzyantine Empire II
Konya Plain 961 CE 1072 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
142
Rum Sultanate
Konya Plain 1093 CE 1243 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
143
Ottoman Emirate
Konya Plain 1393 CE 1402 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
144
Ottoman Empire I
Konya Plain 1421 CE 1516 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
145
Ottoman Empire II
Konya Plain 1517 CE 1682 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
146
Ottoman Empire II
Konya Plain 1517 CE 1682 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
147
Ottoman Empire III
Konya Plain 1683 CE 1838 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
148
Ottoman Empire III
Konya Plain 1683 CE 1839 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
149
Latium - Copper Age
Latium 3600 BCE 1801 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
150
Latium - Bronze Age
Latium 1800 BCE 1001 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
151
Latium - Iron Age
Latium 1000 BCE 717 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
152
Roman Kingdom
Latium 716 BCE 510 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
153
Roman Kingdom
Latium 716 BCE 510 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
154
Roman Republic
Latium 509 BCE 265 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
155
Middle Roman Republic
Latium 264 BCE 134 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
156
Late Roman Republic
Latium 133 BCE 31 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
157
Roman Empire - Principate
Latium 31 BCE 199 CE
Transitional (Absent -> Present)
Inferred No Edit
158
Roman Empire - Principate
Latium 200 CE 283 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
159
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
Latium 395 CE 457 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
160
Ostrogothic Kingdom
Latium 493 CE 554 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
161
Exarchate of Ravenna
Latium 568 CE 710 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
162
Republic of St Peter I
Latium 711 CE 903 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
163
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
Latium 904 CE 1197 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
164
Papal States - High Medieval Period
Latium 1198 CE 1308 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
165
Papal States - Renaissance Period
Latium 1378 CE 1526 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
166
Papal States - Medieval Period I
Latium 1527 CE 1647 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
167
Papal States - Medieval Period II
Latium 1648 CE 1800 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
168
Sakha - Early
Lena River Valley 1400 CE 1642 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
169
Sakha - Late
Lena River Valley 1643 CE 1900 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
170
Shuar - Colonial
Lowland Andes 1534 CE 1830 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
171
Shuar - Ecuadorian
Lowland Andes 1831 CE 1931 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
172
Mahajanapada era
Middle Ganga 600 BCE 325 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
173
Maurya Empire
Middle Ganga 303 BCE 194 BCE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
174
Yangshao
Middle Yellow River Valley 5000 BCE 3501 BCE
Present
Inferred No Edit
175
Yangshao
Middle Yellow River Valley 3500 BCE 3001 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
176
Longshan
Middle Yellow River Valley 3000 BCE 1900 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
177
Erlitou
Middle Yellow River Valley 1850 BCE 1651 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
178
Erligang
Middle Yellow River Valley 1650 BCE 1251 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
179
Late Shang
Middle Yellow River Valley 1250 BCE 1123 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
180
Western Zhou
Middle Yellow River Valley 1122 BCE 795 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
181
Jin
Middle Yellow River Valley 780 BCE 489 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
182
Chu Kingdom - Warring States Period
Middle Yellow River Valley 488 BCE 223 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
183
Western Han Empire
Middle Yellow River Valley 202 BCE 9 CE
Transitional (Present -> Absent)
Inferred No Edit
184
Eastern Han Empire
Middle Yellow River Valley 25 CE 219 CE
Transitional (Present -> Absent)
Inferred No Edit
185
Western Jin
Middle Yellow River Valley 265 CE 317 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
186
Northern Wei
Middle Yellow River Valley 386 CE 557 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
187
Sui Dynasty
Middle Yellow River Valley 581 CE 617 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
188
Early Tang Dynasty
Middle Yellow River Valley 618 CE 762 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
189
Later Tang Dynasty
Middle Yellow River Valley 763 CE 907 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
190
Northern Song
Middle Yellow River Valley 960 CE 1126 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
191
Later Jin
Middle Yellow River Valley 1127 CE 1234 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
192
Great Yuan
Middle Yellow River Valley 1271 CE 1367 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
193
Great Ming
Middle Yellow River Valley 1368 CE 1463 CE
Transitional (Present -> Absent)
Inferred No Edit
194
Great Ming
Middle Yellow River Valley 1464 CE 1643 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
195
Early Qing
Middle Yellow River Valley 1644 CE 1795 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
196
Late Qing
Middle Yellow River Valley 1796 CE 1912 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
197
Jenne-jeno I
Niger Inland Delta 250 BCE 49 CE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
198
Jenne-jeno II
Niger Inland Delta 50 CE 399 CE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
199
Jenne-jeno III
Niger Inland Delta 400 CE 899 CE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
200
Jenne-jeno IV
Niger Inland Delta 900 CE 999 CE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
201
Middle Wagadu Empire
Niger Inland Delta 1000 CE 1077 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
202
Later Wagadu Empire
Niger Inland Delta 1100 CE 1202 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
203
Mali Empire
Niger Inland Delta 1235 CE 1410 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
204
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
Niger Inland Delta 1493 CE 1590 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
205
Saadi Sultanate
Niger Inland Delta 1591 CE 1618 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
206
Segou Kingdom
Niger Inland Delta 1650 CE 1711 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
207
Bamana kingdom
Niger Inland Delta 1712 CE 1818 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
208
Neguanje
North Colombia 250 CE 1049 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
209
Tairona
North Colombia 1050 CE 1524 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
210
Early Xiongnu
Orkhon Valley 1400 BCE 400 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
211
Early Xiongnu
Orkhon Valley 399 BCE 300 BCE
Present
Inferred No Edit
212
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
Orkhon Valley 209 BCE 60 BCE
Present
Inferred No Edit
213
Late Xiongnu
Orkhon Valley 59 BCE 99 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
214
Xianbei Confederation
Orkhon Valley 100 CE 250 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
215
Rouran Khaganate
Orkhon Valley 300 CE 551 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
216
Eastern Turk Khaganate
Orkhon Valley 583 CE 630 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
217
Second Turk Khaganate
Orkhon Valley 684 CE 744 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
218
Uigur Khaganate
Orkhon Valley 745 CE 840 CE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
219
Uigur Khaganate
Orkhon Valley 745 CE 840 CE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
220
Shiwei
Orkhon Valley 841 CE 907 CE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
221
Early Mongols
Orkhon Valley 1126 CE 1205 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
222
Mongol Empire
Orkhon Valley 1206 CE 1367 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
223
Late Mongols
Orkhon Valley 1368 CE 1580 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
224
Late Mongols
Orkhon Valley 1581 CE 1689 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
225
Zungharian Empire
Orkhon Valley 1695 CE 1745 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
226
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
Oro PNG 1734 CE 1883 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
227
Orokaiva - Colonial
Oro PNG 1884 CE 1942 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
228
Beaker Culture
Paris Basin 3200 BCE 2301 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
229
Beaker Culture
Paris Basin 2300 BCE 2201 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
230
Beaker Culture
Paris Basin 2300 BCE 2201 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
231
Atlantic Complex
Paris Basin 2200 BCE 1001 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
232
Hallstatt A-B1
Paris Basin 1000 BCE 901 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
233
Hallstatt A-B1
Paris Basin 1000 BCE 901 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
234
Hallstatt B2-3
Paris Basin 900 BCE 701 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
235
Hallstatt B2-3
Paris Basin 900 BCE 701 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
236
Hallstatt C
Paris Basin 700 BCE 601 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
237
Hallstatt C
Paris Basin 700 BCE 601 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
238
Hallstatt D
Paris Basin 600 BCE 475 BCE
Present
Inferred No Edit
239
La Tene A-B1
Paris Basin 474 BCE 325 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
240
La Tene B2-C1
Paris Basin 324 BCE 175 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
241
La Tene C2-D
Paris Basin 174 BCE 27 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
242
Early Merovingian
Paris Basin 481 CE 542 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
243
Middle Merovingian
Paris Basin 543 CE 686 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
244
Proto-Carolingian
Paris Basin 687 CE 750 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
245
Carolingian Empire I
Paris Basin 752 CE 839 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
246
Carolingian Empire II
Paris Basin 840 CE 986 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
247
Proto-French Kingdom
Paris Basin 987 CE 1149 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
248
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
Paris Basin 1150 CE 1327 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
249
French Kingdom - Early Valois
Paris Basin 1328 CE 1449 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
250
French Kingdom - Late Valois
Paris Basin 1450 CE 1588 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
251
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
Paris Basin 1589 CE 1659 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
252
French Kingdom - Late Bourbon
Paris Basin 1660 CE 1788 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
253
Sarazm
Sogdiana 3500 BCE 2001 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
254
Andronovo
Sogdiana 1800 BCE 1401 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
255
Koktepe I
Sogdiana 1400 BCE 1000 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
256
Ancient Khwarazm
Sogdiana 999 BCE 751 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
257
Koktepe II
Sogdiana 750 BCE 600 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
258
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
Sogdiana 248 BCE 130 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
259
Tocharians
Sogdiana 129 BCE 29 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
260
Kushan Empire
Sogdiana 35 CE 230 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
261
Hephtalites
Sogdiana 426 CE 561 CE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
262
Hephtalites
Sogdiana 426 CE 561 CE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
263
Hephtalites
Sogdiana 496 CE 531 CE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
264
Hephtalites
Sogdiana 496 CE 531 CE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
265
Western Turk Khaganate
Sogdiana 564 CE 603 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
266
Sogdiana - City-States Period
Sogdiana 604 CE 711 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
267
Samanid Empire
Sogdiana 876 CE 990 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
268
Kara-Khanids
Sogdiana 991 CE 1089 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
269
Kara-Khanids
Sogdiana 1158 CE 1212 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
270
Chagatai Khanate
Sogdiana 1263 CE 1361 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
271
Timurid Empire
Sogdiana 1370 CE 1526 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
272
Timurid Empire
Sogdiana 1394 CE 1470 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
273
Khanate of Bukhara
Sogdiana 1599 CE 1747 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
274
Hmong - Late Qing
Southern China Hills 1701 CE 1895 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
275
Hmong - Early Chinese
Southern China Hills 1896 CE 1941 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
276
Akkadian Empire
Southern Mesopotamia 2250 BCE 2113 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
277
Akkadian Empire
Southern Mesopotamia 2250 BCE 2113 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
278
Ur - Dynasty III
Southern Mesopotamia 2112 BCE 2029 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
279
Neo-Assyrian Empire
Southern Mesopotamia 721 BCE 539 BCE
Present
Inferred No Edit
280
Ummayad Caliphate
Southern Mesopotamia 661 CE 749 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
281
Ummayad Caliphate
Southern Mesopotamia 663 CE 749 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
282
Ummayad Caliphate
Southern Mesopotamia 670 CE 750 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
283
Abbasid Caliphate I
Southern Mesopotamia 750 CE 946 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
284
Abbasid Caliphate I
Southern Mesopotamia 750 CE 867 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
285
Abbasid Caliphate I
Southern Mesopotamia 750 CE 861 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
286
Abbasid Caliphate I
Southern Mesopotamia 750 CE 875 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
287
Abbasid Caliphate II
Southern Mesopotamia 1191 CE 1207 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
288
Pre-Ceramic Period
Susiana 7800 BCE 7201 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
289
Formative Period
Susiana 7200 BCE 7001 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
290
Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar
Susiana 7000 BCE 6001 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
291
Susiana A
Susiana 6000 BCE 5701 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
292
Susiana B
Susiana 5700 BCE 5101 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
293
Susiana - Early Ubaid
Susiana 5100 BCE 4701 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
294
Susiana - Late Ubaid
Susiana 4700 BCE 4301 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
295
Susa I
Susiana 4300 BCE 3801 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
296
Susa II
Susiana 3800 BCE 3101 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
297
Susa III
Susiana 3100 BCE 2676 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
298
Elam - Awan Dynasty I
Susiana 2675 BCE 2251 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
299
Elam - Shimashki Period
Susiana 2028 BCE 1901 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
300
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
Susiana 1900 BCE 1701 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
301
Elam - Late Sukkalmah
Susiana 1700 BCE 1501 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
302
Elam - Kidinuid Period
Susiana 1500 BCE 1401 BCE
Present
Inferred No Edit
303
Elam - Igihalkid Period
Susiana 1400 BCE 1201 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
304
Elam - Shutrukid Period
Susiana 1200 BCE 1101 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
305
Elam - Crisis Period
Susiana 1100 BCE 901 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
306
Elam I
Susiana 900 BCE 744 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
307
Elam II
Susiana 743 BCE 647 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
308
Elam III
Susiana 612 BCE 540 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
309
Achaemenid Empire
Susiana 550 BCE 331 BCE
Present
Inferred No Edit
310
Seleucids
Susiana 312 BCE 63 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
311
Parthian Empire I
Susiana 143 BCE 24 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
312
Parthian Empire I
Susiana 95 BCE 21 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
313
Elymais II
Susiana 25 CE 215 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
314
Sasanid Empire I
Susiana 205 CE 487 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
315
Sasanid Empire II
Susiana 499 CE 642 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
316
Buyid Confederation
Susiana 947 CE 1055 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
317
Seljuk Empire
Susiana 1056 CE 1190 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
318
Seljuk Empire
Susiana 1090 CE 1157 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
319
Ilkhanate
Susiana 1263 CE 1335 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
320
Ilkhanate
Susiana 1263 CE 1326 CE
Present
Inferred No Edit
321
Ak Koyunlu
Susiana 1471 CE 1504 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
322
Safavid Empire
Susiana 1505 CE 1722 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
323
Qajar
Susiana 1794 CE 1925 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
324
Badarian
Upper Egypt 4400 BCE 3800 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
325
Naqada I
Upper Egypt 3800 BCE 3551 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
326
Naqada II
Upper Egypt 3550 BCE 3301 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
327
Naqada II
Upper Egypt 3550 BCE 3301 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
328
Egypt - Dynasty 0
Upper Egypt 3300 BCE 3101 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
329
Egypt - Dynasty 0
Upper Egypt 3300 BCE 3101 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
330
Egypt - Dynasty I
Upper Egypt 3100 BCE 2901 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
331
Egypt - Dynasty II
Upper Egypt 2900 BCE 2687 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
332
Egypt - Dynasty II
Upper Egypt 2900 BCE 2687 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
333
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
Upper Egypt 2650 BCE 2351 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
334
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
Upper Egypt 2350 BCE 2151 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
335
Egypt - Period of the Regions
Upper Egypt 2150 BCE 2017 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
336
Egypt - Period of the Regions
Upper Egypt 2150 BCE 2017 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
337
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
Upper Egypt 2016 BCE 1721 BCE
Present
Inferred No Edit
338
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
Upper Egypt 1720 BCE 1567 BCE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
339
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
Upper Egypt 1550 BCE 1294 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
340
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
Upper Egypt 1293 BCE 1071 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
341
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
Upper Egypt 1069 BCE 761 BCE
Absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
342
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
Upper Egypt 1069 BCE 761 BCE
Present
Evidenced Yes Edit
343
Egypt - Kushite Period
Upper Egypt 747 BCE 665 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
344
Egypt - Saite Period
Upper Egypt 664 BCE 526 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
345
Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period
Upper Egypt 404 BCE 343 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
346
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
Upper Egypt 305 BCE 218 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
347
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
Upper Egypt 217 BCE 32 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
348
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
Upper Egypt 868 CE 908 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
349
Fatimid Caliphate
Upper Egypt 909 CE 1170 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
350
Ayyubid Sultanate
Upper Egypt 1171 CE 1250 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
351
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
Upper Egypt 1260 CE 1347 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
352
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
Upper Egypt 1348 CE 1411 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
353
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
Upper Egypt 1412 CE 1516 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
354
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
Valley of Oaxaca 1400 BCE 1151 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
355
Oaxaca - San Jose
Valley of Oaxaca 1150 BCE 701 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
356
Oaxaca - Rosario
Valley of Oaxaca 700 BCE 501 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
357
Early Monte Alban I
Valley of Oaxaca 500 BCE 301 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
358
Monte Alban Late I
Valley of Oaxaca 300 BCE 101 BCE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
359
Monte Alban II
Valley of Oaxaca 100 BCE 199 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
360
Monte Alban III
Valley of Oaxaca 200 CE 499 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
361
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
Valley of Oaxaca 500 CE 899 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
362
Monte Alban V
Valley of Oaxaca 900 CE 1520 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
363
Neolithic Yemen
Yemeni Coastal Plain 3500 BCE 1201 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
364
Yemen - Late Bronze Age
Yemeni Coastal Plain 1200 BCE 801 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
365
Sabaean Commonwealth
Yemeni Coastal Plain 800 BCE 451 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
366
Qatabanian Commonwealth
Yemeni Coastal Plain 450 BCE 111 BCE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
367
Kingdom of Saba and Dhu Raydan
Yemeni Coastal Plain 110 BCE 149 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
368
Himyar I
Yemeni Coastal Plain 270 CE 340 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
369
Himyar II
Yemeni Coastal Plain 378 CE 525 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
370
Yemen Ziyad Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain 822 CE 1037 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
371
Yemen - Era of Warlords
Yemeni Coastal Plain 1038 CE 1174 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
372
Rasulid Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain 1229 CE 1453 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
373
Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain 1454 CE 1517 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
374
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain 1637 CE 1805 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
375
GapKP1
None 5500 BCE 5001 BCE
Unknown
Evidenced No Edit
376
CuzcoLF
None 1 CE 199 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
377
CuzcEI1
None 200 CE 499 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
378
GapDec
None 351 CE 450 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
379
CuzcEI2
None 500 CE 649 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
380
MnKhit2
None 960 CE 1125 CE
Present
Evidenced No Edit
381
CuzcLI1
None 1000 CE 1249 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
382
GrCrVen
None 1204 CE 1669 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
383
CuzcLI2
None 1250 CE 1399 CE
Absent
Inferred No Edit
384
InEInCo
None 1800 CE 1857 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
385
InEInCo
None 1800 CE 1857 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
386
Kingdom of Hawaii - Post-Kamehameha Period
None 1820 CE 1854 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
387
Ottoman Empire IV
None 1839 CE 1922 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
388
InBritP
None 1858 CE 1946 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
389
InBritP
None 1868 CE 1956 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
390
Ottoman Empire IV
None 1873 CE 1919 CE
Absent
Evidenced No Edit
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